However, Israel later decided to leave the border area, which is now controlled by Egypt and the Palestinians, through the PNA.  On September 12, the IDF withdrew all forces from the Philadelphi Route. Workers aged 50 to 55 were offered years' worth of unemployment benefits, and those over 55 were eligible for a pension until age 67. Sharon himself announced that he accepted the Likud referendum results and would take time to consider his steps. The promised transit of convoys between Gaza and the West Bank was not honoured; with Israel insisting that such convoys could only pass if they passed through a specially constructed tunnel or ditch, requiring a specific construction project in the future; Israel withdrew from implementation talks in December 2005 after a suicide bombing attack on Israelis in Netanya by a Palestinian from Kafr Rai. Some of the soldiers were also observed sobbing, and there were instances of soldiers joining settlers in prayer before evicting them. "Villagers reject 'traitor' label but can't shed fear it brings," Martin Patience, Raanan Ben-Zur, where 5 Israelis were killed, Israeli–Palestinian economic peace efforts, Learn how and when to remove this template message, High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy, Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Tel Aviv University Institute for Media, Society, and Politics, Jordan's disengagement from the West Bank, "Knesset Approves Disengagement Implementation Law (February 2005)", "Jewish Settlers Receive Hundreds of Thousands in Compensation for Leaving Gaza", "The Contemporary Law of Blockade and the Gaza Freedom Flotilla", "Is Israel Still an Occupying Power in Gaza? In addition, the IDF arranged crews of social nurses, psychologists, and support to youths.  A poll conducted the week of July 17 by the Tel Aviv University Institute for Media, Society, and Politics shows that Israeli approval of the disengagement is at 48%; 43% of the respondents believe that Palestinian terrorism will increase following disengagement, versus 25% who believe that terrorism will decline. Less than 24 hours after the withdrawal, Palestinian Authority bulldozers began to demolish the remaining synagogues. A poll carried out by the Midgam polling company, on June 29 found support at 48% and opposition at 41%, but a Dahaf Institute/Yedioth Ahronot poll of the same day found support at 62% and opposition at 31%. The Israeli Supreme Court, in response to a settlers' petition to block the government's destruction of the synagogues, gave the go-ahead to the Israeli government.  This officially marked the end of the 38-year-long presence of Israeli settlers in the Gaza Strip, though the official handover was planned for several weeks later. Commentators and the press described the rejection of the plan as a blow to Sharon. Those seeking compensation also had to negotiate legal and bureaucratic hurdles. Israeli media reported that the deadly strike on Gaza followed the launch of … That is the significance of what we did. Sharon said that his plan was designed to improve Israel's security and international status in the absence of political negotiations to end the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. The prayer rally was the largest of its kind for over 15 years, since the opposition to the Madrid Conference of 1991. IDF soldiers helped the settlers who chose to do so by packing their belongings and carrying them. , Under the Revised Disengagement Plan adopted on June 6, 2004, the IDF was to have remained on the Gaza-Egypt border and could have engaged in further house demolitions to widen a 'buffer zone' there (Art 6). Kofi Annan, United Nations Secretary-General, commended on August 18, 2005 what he called Israeli Prime Minister Sharon's "courageous decision" to carry through with the painful process of disengagement, expressed the hope that "both Palestinians and Israelis will exercise restraint in this challenging period", and "believes that a successful disengagement should be the first step towards a resumption of the peace process, in accordance with the Road Map", referring to the plan sponsored by the diplomatic Quartet – UN, EU, Russia, and the United States – which calls for a series of parallel steps leading to two states living side-by-side in peace by the end of the year. An agreement was reached with Israel under international law to destroy the settlers' houses and shift the rubble to Egypt. ", In a November 2003 interview, Ehud Olmert, Sharon's deputy leader, who had been “dropping unilateralist hints for two or three months”, explained his developing policy as follows:, There is no doubt in my mind that very soon the government of Israel is going to have to address the demographic issue with the utmost seriousness and resolve. , Sharon formally announced the plan in his April 14, 2004 letter to U.S. President George W. Bush, stating that "there exists no Palestinian partner with whom to advance peacefully toward a settlement".. On August 2, 2005, another protest against disengagement began in Sderot, with approximately 50,000 attendees. Following negotiations, the evacuation was completed relatively peacefully. Permits for 24–48 hours were given to select visitors for a few weeks before the entire area was completely sealed off to non-residents. Egypt will control Gaza's Egyptian border. But the changing reality in the country, in the region, and the world, required of me a reassessment and change of positions. In light of new realities on the ground, including already existing major Israeli population centers, it is unrealistic that the outcome of final status negotiations will be a full and complete return to the armistice lines of 1949. The right believes that Sharon ignored the mandate he had been elected on, and instead adopted the platform of his Labor opponent, Amram Mitzna, who was overwhelmingly defeated when he campaigned on a disengagement plan of far smaller magnitude. On August 31, the Knesset voted to withdraw from the Gaza-Egypt border and allow Egyptian deployment of border police along the demilitarized Egyptian side of the border, revising the previously stated intent to maintain Israeli control the border. Although many settlers chose to leave peacefully, others were forcibly evicted, while some attempted to block buses and clashed with security forces. There is already a plan of a wall built around Gaza. Israel tells a tale full of monsters. Organizers called the event "the largest expression of public protest ever held in Israel. That is exactly what happened. Netanyahu and three other cabinet ministers from Sharon's ruling Likud government threatened to resign unless Sharon agreed to hold a national referendum on the plan within fourteen days. "It is out of strength and not weakness that we are taking this step", repeating his argument that the disengagement plan has given Israel the diplomatic initiative. On August 18, Shirat HaYam was evacuated by military and police forces, after infiltrators had been removed and the settlement's speaker system was disabled after settlers used it to call on troops to disobey orders. 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